By N. F. Blake (auth.)
Read Online or Download A History of the English Language PDF
Best language & grammar books
Covers key rules in and present debates at the advanced courting among thought and perform within the box of translation reports >
Every one lesson during this publication makes a speciality of one letter of the alphabet and contains a pleasant seek-and-find puzzle besides an accompanying worksheet. scholars are requested to discover gadgets within the puzzle that begin with the letter after which whole spelling actions utilizing those self same phrases.
Discourse reviews is an interdisciplinary box learning the social creation of that means around the whole spectrum of the social sciences and arts. The Discourse reports Reader brings jointly forty key readings from discourse researchers in Europe and North the United States, a few of that are now translated into English for the 1st time.
The sphere of morphology is especially heterogeneous. Investigators vary on key issues at each point of concept. those divisions are usually not minor concerns approximately technical implementation, yet really are foundational concerns that mould the underlying anatomy of any concept. the sector has built very quickly either theoretically and methodologically, giving upward push to many competing theories and sundry hypotheses.
- Iconicity in Language
- Atlas of North American English: Phonetics, Phonology and Sound Change
- Phonologies of Asia and Africa: Including the Caucasus (2 Volume Set)
- Perspectives on Arabic Linguistics: Papers from the Annual Symposium on Arabic Linguistics. Volume VIII: Amherst, Massachusetts 1994
Additional resources for A History of the English Language
Modern English, on the other hand, is an analytic language in which most inflections have either disappeared or have ceased to be important for distinguishing meaning. Although we still say He comes, the final -s is not significant because it is obligatory to include the subject He and because there is no other form **He come with which it could be confused. If we all said and wrote **He come instead of He comes, there would be no confusion and no loss of meaning. After all, in the preterite we are perfectly happy to say He came where the verb has the same form in the third-person singular as in all the other persons.
This was a list of under a thousand words developed in the 1930s which were thought adequate for all day-to-day purposes. But no educated person would dream of restricting their writing or conversation to such a basic vocabulary, and all literature, particularly in its written form, encourages the development of new vocabulary. Equally the onset of new technologies and the production of new machines and labour-saving devices create the need for an enlarged vocabulary. Naturally at the other end, as it were, many words are no longer needed because what they 38 A History of the English Language expressed has been superseded.
There are, however, some exceptions to this general principle. If two consonants are difficult to articulate together, then another may be inserted to ease the transition from one to the other. The verb dream has as its past tense the form dreamt (or dreamed). But this word is pronounced as if there is a group Impt/ because the transition from the nasal Iml to alveolar It I is difficult to articulate easily. This development can often follow the fall of a vowel sound which allows the two consonant sounds to occur together.