By Donka Minkova
Phonological evolution is an important portion of the final heritage of the language; the subject material is either major by itself phrases and correct in curricular phrases. This e-book describes the segmental and prosodic alterations within the heritage of English, offers analyses of those adjustments either as phonological occasions and when it comes to the evolution of interlocking features of past English and highlights the relevance of the themes and probably generate additional curiosity by means of projecting old phonological swap onto Present-Day English and its types. the advance of the English sound method is likely one of the top studied a part of the heritage of the language, besides the fact that no updated, student-friendly survey exists: this e-book fills the distance.
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Additional resources for A Historical Phonology of English
There is no agreement on the tenseness of the vowel when it is not followed by [ə] due to loss of [r] in non-rhotic dialects, as in PURE, nor is there agreement on whether /j/ is (part of) the syllable onset or the syllable peak. Bearing in mind some distributional peculiarities of the palatal approximant – it appears only syllable-initially when preceded by one or more consonants, as in beauty, cute, fury, skewer, and the only vowel allowed after it is /u / – we analyse /j/ like /w/, that is, as part of the syllable onset, and not as part of a diphthong which occupies the peak/nucleus of the syllable.
In PDE it is a kind of voiceless precursor to the following vowel; it is produced with ‘spread glottis’, a feature which distinguishes between aspiration and lack of aspiration. 2 are sonorants. Sonority is a property associated, loosely, with the acoustic loudness of sounds. All English sonorants are voiced. They are high on a sonority scale that applies to the entire inventory of English phonemes, not just the consonants. Vowels have the highest level of sonority, followed by glides, followed by nasals and approximants.
A note on terminology and representation is in order. Throughout the book the terms ‘sound’ or ‘segment’ are used to refer more generally to entities of pronunciation, without necessarily assigning them phonemic status, that is, without reference to their ability to distinguish meaning. A phoneme is a mental image of all the various realisations of one and the same sound. Thus [v] has always been a sound in English, but in Present-Day English (PDE) it is also a phoneme /v/. Its realisation is not determined by word-structure or by adjacent segments; it can signal meaning contrasts: fan-van, safe-save, leafy-Levy.