By Earl R. Mac Cormac
During this booklet, Earl Mac Cormac offers an unique and unified cognitive idea of metaphor utilizing philosophical arguments which draw upon proof from mental experiments and theories. He notes that implications of this idea for that means and fact with particular awareness to metaphor as a speech act, the long-lasting that means of metaphor, and the advance of a four-valued procedure of fact. quite a few examples of metaphor from poetry and technological know-how are awarded and analyzed to aid Mac Cormac's concept. A Cognitive conception of Metaphor takes up 3 degrees of explanation—metaphor as expressed in floor language, the semantics of metaphor, and metaphor as a cogitive process—and unifies those via examining metaphor as an evolutionary wisdom procedure during which metaphors mediate among minds and tradition. Mac Cormac considers, and rejects, the novel idea that each one use of language is metaphorical; despite the fact that, this argument additionally acknowledges that the speculation of metaphor may perhaps itself be metaphorical. The booklet first considers the computational metaphor usually followed by way of cognitive psychology as an instance of metaphor requiring research. not like 3 famous philosophical theories of metaphor—the pressure thought, the controversion conception, and the grammatical deviance theory—it develops a semantical anomaly thought of metaphor in accordance with a quasi-mathematical hierarchy of phrases. In constructing the idea, Mac Cormac makes much-needed connections among theories of metaphor and extra orthodox analytic philosophy of that means, together with discussions of speech acts and the common sense of fuzzy units. This semantical conception of clarification is then proven to be appropriate with modern mental theories of reminiscence.
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Additional info for A Cognitive Theory of Metaphor
Rather than serving as a static grammatical category, metaphor exists both as a dynamic cognitive process proposing new hypotheses and as a dynamic cultural process changing the language we speak and write. Not only have I proposed a cognitive interaction theory of metaphor but I have also presumed an interdisciplinary interaction between philosophy and psychology. I have written this work from the point of view of a philosopher interested in establishing an explanatory theory of metaphor based on evidence and theories provided not only by previous philosophers but even more importantly by contemporary linguists and psychologists.
Eric Wanner of the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation have all read versions of the manuscript and offered criticism and advice. Not only have I adopted ideas developed by Thomas Saaty, University Professor at the University of Pittsburgh, in his decision theory, but we have become warm friendsperhaps a manifestation of the humanizing function of mathematics. In writing this book and the earlier one, I have become convinced that effective writing requires strong intellectual and emotional support. At Davidson College I have been fortunate in having excellent philosophical colleagues who have challenged my ideas and offered constructive criticism.
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